There have been numerous studies on the possibility of finding life in Mars, recently scientist has found out that liquid water runs down the crate walls and canyons in Mars. This recent report opens up the chances that there could be life in the red planet. The trickles leave dark long stains on the terrain and they are over hundred meters long, however, they dry up during autumn.
Images from the planet show cliffs and steep valleys and craters streaked during summer with flows in different active spots in the form of fans. Researchers are not sure about the origin of the water, but it is speculated that it may rise from salty aquifers, underground ice or those, which condense, on the Martian atmosphere.
The lead scientist on Mars exploration program indicated that the planet could have habitable environment due to the presence of water. Mars is no longer the dry and a red planet that people thought it was, the presence of water changes the whole perspective. Pictures taken in the early 70s showed a dried up planet with plains submerged in what was previously lakes, NASA has uncovered an evidence that there was an ocean that covered nearly have the planet on the hemisphere region.
Previously Mars probes had indicated that the planet might be wet, global surveyor took pictures of water bursting through gulley, and in autumn it recorded little streams flowing water on Mars down the crater walls. Scientists have focused on the new developments of water flowing in the planet and infrared technology utilized in this content will shed light into the mystery of the red planet.
A journal of nature geosciences indicated that there are infrared signatures of hydrated salts and they then disappeared, these were found to be per chlorates and chlorates, this indicated the presence of water since the salts evaporates must have been moist in the past.
The water flow appears when the temperature of the planet rises above -23 degree Celsius, the water can be able to flow in such instances because the salts as an impurity lower the freezing point of liquid beyond zero degree Celsius. The researchers believe that the mixture of water and salts or what is commonly called brine flows across the hills and valleys of the Martian sphere. Currently, more research is focused on the origin of water, its composition among other essential aspects that will help in understanding the planet more.